Interreg Programmes are kicking off

The Interreg programmes aims to promote territorial cooperation between regions and countries to help their economic and social development and tackle the obstacle of borders. The new Interreg 2021-2027 has a total budget of 10 billion euros for the period 2021-2027. Individual programmes are being approved by the European Commission, hence new calls and new projects are progressively financed.

Interreg is made up of almost 100 programmes across Europe’s internal and external borders. These are aiming to contribute to 7 policy objectives of European Union cohesion policy:

  • A more competitive and smarter Europe
  • A greener, low-carbon transitioning towards a net zero carbon economy and resilient Europe
  • A more connected Europe
  • A more social and inclusive Europe
  • A Europe closer to citizens
  • A better Cooperation governance
  • A safer and more secure Europe

The 100 programmes are organised along 4 levels or “strands” of Interreg programmes:

Cross-border

With a budget of 6.5 billion EUR over 7 years, there are 73 different programmes to ensure cross-border barriers and challenges within and at External borders of the EU are addressed, i.e.

  • 49 programmes within the EU 27 across its internal borders
  • 10 Interreg IPA (Instrument for pre-Accession Assistance) which are operating at EU’s border with Turkey, Albania, Montenegro, Serbia and the Republic of North Macedonia.
  • 14 Interreg NEXT programmes, implemented at the borders with Neighbouring (ENI) countries of the EU, namely: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, Ukraine (Cooperation with Belarus and Russia have been suspended)
  • The PEACE + Programme between the border counties of Ireland and Northern Irelan

Trans-national

This strand allows for cooperation over larger transnational territories or around sea basins. The total budget is 1.5 billion Euros between 2021 and 2027, you can see in the picture below the 14 various Trans-national Interreg co-operation programmes:

Interreg Programes are kicking off

Interregional

It aims at boosting the effectiveness of cohesion policy by promoting exchange of experiences, innovative approaches, and capacity building between regions, 550 million Euro budget has been allocated to interregional cooperation. There are four interregional cooperation programmes within this strand:

  • Interreg Europe, aiming to share innovative and sustainable solutions to regional development challenges.
  • Interact, which helps cooperation among Interreg programmes
  • URBACT, the programme helps cities to develop an integrated set of actions for sustainable change
  • ESPON, works on policies for territorial cohesion.

Outermost regions cooperation

This 4th strand which has a 208-million-euro budget covers the following Outermost regions:

  • Amazonia, Caribbean,
  • Middle Atlantic/Gulf of Guinea (MAC),
  • Indian Ocean,
  • Mozambique Channel

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